The Consumer Telephone Records Protection Act of 2006 was introduced by Senator Charles Schumer as pressure bears down on Congress to reign in Internet data brokers selling telephone call logs. Schumer leads his press release with rally-the-troops language.
Pretexts to telephone companies or their customers to obtain account information would be illegal. The language of the bill doesn’t seem to be available but a press report by RCR News provides some background. Needless to say, there’s no mention of exceptions for collection of judgments, child abduction, missing persons cases or other matters related to court actions or security.